DigitalOcean Spaces Review [2022] - Is this Cloud Object Storage Good? (2022)

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Are you confused about which object storage service to choose for your backups, media storage, and other services?

In this review, we will take a look at DigitalOcean Spaces. By the time you finish reading it, you will be able to decide if it is right for you or not. I am sharing my experiences after using Spaces for more than six months.

You might know that Amazon S3, Azure Blog, and Google Cloud Storage are two mammoths in this field. We will check how Spaces stack up with these competitors, and what makes it different from such enterprise-grade storage providers.

You might want to check:

  • 10 Best Alternatives to Amazon S3
  • 7 Best Dropbox Alternatives

By the way, if you want a quick primer about what is object storage and when to use it, read the next section. Otherwise, you can skip to the pricing.

  • Signup on DigitalOcean to get $100 free credit

Table of Contents

Why Use Object Storage?

As a blogger who manages a couple of image-heavy sites, I felt that storing all these assets on the same server as my website is not a great idea. These were the top reasons to try offloading:

  • Migrating web hosts was a pain because I have to move all the files each time I switch web hosts.
  • Traditional storage is not so scalable. Most web hosts impose a maximum file limit (Inode), crossing it can lead to account suspension.
  • I needed a better place to store site backups.

That’s why I decided to offload static assets to an object storage solution. Now, the images you see on this blog are stored on a cloud block storage and served via BunnyCDN.

Update: After I offloaded images, some WordPress plugins (especially image optimization plugins) didn’t work properly. So, later I switched back to normal. But still, object storage is a great choice for storing backups and archiving purposes.

So, what is meant by object storage?

Here it is. Traditional storage system like the hard drive on your PC uses a file system to store data. For example, Windows OS uses the NTFS system. These systems use a hierarchical structure to store the details about files and folders. This can limit the potential to scale up.

In contrast to this, Object storage treats every data as an object with an identification key. There is no hierarchy or folder. It doesn’t follow file systems. So it can scale infinitely and will not slow down. Read this article to know more about the differences between Object storage and file-based block system storage.

Object Storage does not have a file system or hierarchy.

(Video) How to setup DigitalOcean Spaces | DigitalOcean | Object Storage | 2022

That brings us to the following advantages of object storage:

  • Easy to scale, does not slow down.
  • Can be accessed via API.
  • No file system, so any number of metadata can be attached to a data object.
  • Object storage services are relatively more secure.

Let us see some of the best use cases of an object storage system like Spaces:

  • Serve website assets like images, CSS, etc.
  • Store backups and archives
  • Store images, photos, videos, and similar files that are static in nature.

As you can see, it is best for static assets that do not require editing. On the other hand, files (data) like databases that require frequent modifications are not suited for object storage. You can only access and upload a whole object at once and cannot modify a part of it.

Storing databases on object storage may not be a good idea.

Pricing – What makes Spaces Different from Amazon S3?

The simple pricing model is the main reason you might want to consider DigitalOcean Spaces instead of others. Starting at $5 per month, Spaces gives you 250GB of storage and 1TB of outbound transfer bandwidth.

Update: Now, providers like Linode and Vultr are also offering object storage solutions at similar pricing.

These are the key things that make Spaces different:

  • Predictable monthly pricing for fixed resources instead of pay-per-use
  • Lower cost per GB – $0.02/GB/month storage or $0.005/GB/month bandwidth
  • No additional charge for requests like GET, PUT, POST, etc.
  • No charge for inbound transfers.

In contrast, Amazon S3 prices start at $0.09/GB/month for outbound transfer bandwidth and $0.023/GB/month for storage. So, that is a total of $0.113 per GB per month. Remember, we haven’t included the price for requests.

Let us do a quick comparison:

Item Usage Spaces Price S3 Price
Storage 250GB $5 @ $0.02/GB $5.75 @ $0.02/GB
Monthly Bandwidth 1000GB Included $90 @ $0.09/GB
GET requests 5000K* Included $2 @ $0.0004/1000 req.
Total $5 $97.75

*Assuming that we receive a total of 500k page views monthly @ 10 requests per page.

In the DigitalOcean ecosystem, a Spaces subscription is equivalent to a bucket in S3. Just like buckets, you can create multiple Spaces within your account. In short, the terms Space and Bucket can be used interchangeably.

Also, note that there is no limit on the number of Spaces (buckets) you can create with this price. That means the 250GB storage and 1TB bandwidth limits are for all the Spaces you have created. The monthly bill will still be $5 if your overall usage is below these limits [see this forum thread].

Features

Although cheaper, Spaces is not behind when it comes to features. With the recent addition of CNAME sub-domain support for CDN, it has become more capable than before.

Compatibility with S3

If you are an existing S3 user, moving your application assets to Spaces won’t be a problem as it is completely compatible with the AWS S3 API.

You can also use existing packages and tools like S3Cmd and AWS S3 SDK.

(Video) The Most Affordable Cloud Storage | BackBlaze B2 vs Amazon S3 vs DigitalOcean Spaces

In short, if you are a developer, you can start integrating Spaces without learning another SDK documentation.

API Access

After generating an access key and a secret key from your DigitalOcean dashboard, you can programmatically connect with your Spaces to create and delete buckets and manage your data objects.

SDKs are available for all major programming languages like PHP, Node, Go, etc.

API tools for non-developers & non-coders

So far, we have been discussing these things from a developer’s standpoint. But don’t worry if you don’t know how to code. There are several free and freemium tools to integrate Spaces with your applications:

  • WP Offload Media by Delicious Brains – This is one of the popular plugins available today to move your files to cloud object storage. The plugin also has a free lite version.
  • Media Library Folders Pro – Another WordPress plugin to move your media files from your web host to Spaces or S3.
  • FileZilla Pro – The premium version of the FileZilla FTP program comes with the ability to connect with DigitalOcean Spaces.

Note: I do not have much experience with these three tools. Instead, I’ve created a custom plugin to integrate my own sites with Spaces. It was quite easy to integrate the API, which is a topic for another post.

Drag & Drop Upload

Apart from the API access, DigitalOcean’s cloud dashboard allows you to manage the files on your spaces from a simple drag and drop interface.

Earlier, we have seen that object storage does not follow the concept of traditional files and folders. However, GUIs can present them in such a fashion based on the objects’ key names. For example, if you have an object photos/profile.jpg, GUIs can show it as a file named profile.jpg inside the photos folder.

Multiple Datacenter Choices

Spaces currently offer five data center locations:

  • San Francisco
  • Frankfurt
  • New York
  • Amsterdam
  • Singapore

In contrast, Amazon and Google Cloud offer more locations to choose from.

HTTPS Enabled

All the assets stored in your spaces can be accessed using the secure HTTPS protocol.

You can also set the privacy of individual files as public or private. Public files can be viewed by anyone using its URL while private files can be viewed only by you.

In-built Content Delivery Network (CDN)

When you subscribe to Spaces storage, you also get a CDN without incurring further costs. That means you can serve your assets either from the origin or from an edge location closer to your users. The latter helps to reduce network latency.

  • Enable CDN from the dashboard
  • add the name cdn to the URL of assets: For instance, https://spacename.sfo2.digitaloceanspaces.com/photo.jpg retrieves the asset from the origin server while
    https://spacename.sfo2.cdn.digitaloceanspaces.com/photo.jpg retrieves the asset from the nearest edge server.

Currently, they have 25+ PoPs (Point of Presence) spread across five continents.

Supports CNAME Subdomain for CDN

Custom sub-domain for CDN has been a long-awaited feature. Finally, on April 9, 2019, DigitalOcean announced on their blog the ability to attach your own domains to the built-in CDN assets.

With this, you can serve assets from a URL like https://cdn.yoursite.com/photo.jpg instead of the lengthy https://spacename.sfo2.cdn.digitaloceanspaces.com/photo.jpg.

(Video) Managed Kubernetes on DigitalOcean Cloud | Using Storage Classes & LoadBalancer Service in k8s

How to Use

After signing up for a DigitalOcean account, start by creating your first project, if you haven’t already done it.

Creating Bucket & Uploading

Clicking the Create button on the bottom reveals a drop-down menu. From it, select Spaces.

On the next page you have to set the following things:

  • Datacenter location
  • CDN (optional)
  • Directory listing – enable or disable
  • Bucket name
  • Project name

Finally, click Create to deploy your new bucket.

You can access the newly created bucket by clicking the Spaces on the left sidebar. Drag and drop the files you want to upload.

Don’t forget to set the permission to public for publicly viewable assets.

Once the file is uploaded, you can view it in the dashboard along with its addresses, preview, permission, and mime-type.

Generating API Keys

If you are just trying out Spaces or using it for storing personal files, then the drag-and-drop upload may be sufficient. On the other hand, if you are using it for more complex purposes like website integration, then the API is the way to go.

To use the API, you have to generate an access key and a secret key. You can do that from the API section of the cloud dashboard. On that page, click Generate New Key.

Once the keys are generated, remember to copy and paste them into a safe location.

Later, you can use these keys to connect to your bucket using one of the tools I’ve mentioned earlier, such as WP Offload Media.

Performance

After running a few ping tests using KeyCDN’s free tools, the global average latency I got for my bucket in the San Francisco region was 124ms (non-CDN URL). The tool pinged three times from fourteen locations around the globe.

Next, I checked the same using the CDN URL. Then the average time was reduced to a mere 14.5ms. Out of the fourteen locations, Sydney (Australia) recorded 113ms, and Bangalore (India) clocked 39ms. All the other locations responded in less than 20ms.

(Video) Amazon S3 Review: Your go-to resource for hosted object storage

Min1 Min2 Max1 Max2 Avg (all locs.)
Origin Server 1.17ms
(San Francisco)
26.78ms
(Seattle)
232.93ms
(Sydney)
230.98ms
(Bangalore)
124ms
Edge Server 0.24ms
(New York)
0.27ms
(Frankfurt)
113.76s
(Sydney)
39.88s
(Bangalore)
14.5ms

So, if you serve assets for the web from Spaces, enabling CDN can improve the performance by almost ten times. If you use another CDN service, then it is better to disable the built-in CDN.

Support

DigitalOcean offers support through tickets and through forums. I had tried the ticket system, and the wait times can be a bit long at times. Otherwise, their services have been great so far and the knowledgebase articles are also well detailed.

Pros & Cons

  • Simple & predictable pricing structure
  • Developer-friendly
  • Compatible with S3 API and other existing tools
  • Fewer regions than AWS & Google Cloud
  • Some advanced features like Object policies and Bucket Replication are not supported. Bucket Policies are supported though, via the API.

Conclusion

We have seen how object storage works and why DigitalOcean Spaces can be an affordable choice.

Because of its predictable pricing, Spaces gives greater peace of mind than its competitors like S3 and Google Cloud. So, for beginners and small developers who do not have much experience with cloud object storage, Spaces gives an easy entry. It has the potential to serve enterprise users as well.

Since it works much like S3, developers find it easy to work with. It is a great option if you already use DigitalOcean’s other products like Droplets.

On the other hand, if you need more regions, then Amazon and Google offer that along with a lot of other services.

Then we saw how the performance improved when coupled with the built-in CDN. Now it supports custom sub-domains also.

Have you used Spaces? What is your experience, and what do you think about it when compared to S3 or GCP? Mention it in the comments.

  • Ease of Use

  • Features

  • Pricing

    (Video) DigitalOcean Review - The BEST Web Host of 2020?

FAQs

What are DigitalOcean spaces used for? ›

DigitalOcean Spaces allow you to store and serve large amounts of data. Each Space you create within an account has its own URL and can be used as a logical unit for segmenting content.

What is a DigitalOcean space? ›

DigitalOcean Spaces is an object storage service that makes it easy and cost-effective to store and serve large amounts of data. Individual Spaces can be created and put to use quickly, with no configuration necessary. In this tutorial, we'll use the DigitalOcean Control Panel to create a new Space.

Is digital ocean spaces free? ›

Starting at $5/month for 250GiB with 1TB of outbound transfer—inbound bandwidth to Spaces is always free.

Is DigitalOcean spaces encrypted? ›

Secure, Reliable, and Performant

Files you store in Spaces are encrypted on physical disks with 256-bit AES-XTS full-disk encryption. In addition, you can encrypt files with your own keys before uploading them to Spaces. You can limit access to Spaces and the files within using your Spaces API key(s) and permissioning.

Do spaces backup? ›

Yes. The s3cmd tool which can be used with spaces has the option --recursive that will allow you to download an entire bucket locally.

What is object oriented storage? ›

Object storage, also known as object-based storage, is a strategy that manages and manipulates data storage as distinct units, called objects. These objects are kept in a single storehouse and are not ingrained in files inside other folders.

How do I upload to digital ocean space? ›

Upload Files

From the main page of your Space, you can stage files for upload in two ways: By dragging and dropping, which allows you to add files, folders, and items nested inside folders. By selecting Upload Files, which opens a window to add files from your local computer, but doesn't support adding folders.

How do I connect to digital ocean spaces? ›

How to Connect to DigitalOcean Spaces
  1. Choose Edit > Settings > Transfers > S3 Providers.
  2. In the Providers list click Add and enter DigitalOcean.
  3. In the Regions list click Add and enter:
  4. Do the same for the following regions:
  5. In Catch All enter: .digitaloceanspaces.com (note it starts with a dot)
Jan 10, 2021

Do spaces Access Key? ›

Within the Spaces access keys section, select Generate New Key. A text box in the Spaces access keys section will open. Name the key in a way that will allow you to identify who or what uses the key, then click the checkmark. Once you name the key, you'll see the access key and, on the next line, the secret key.

Is DigitalOcean good? ›

If you are looking for a reliable platform to host your website and apps, DigitalOcean is one of the best out there. Since it's a pay-per-use and scalable platform, you will never have problems with having too many customers on your website at the same time.

Does DigitalOcean charge per hour? ›

All Droplets are billed hourly up to a monthly cap of 672 hours (the number of hours in 4 weeks). If you use your server for fewer than 672 hours during the month, you will be billed for each hour that you used it. If you use your server for more than 672 hours that month, you will be billed at the monthly cost.

Which is better linode or DigitalOcean? ›

While they offer quite similar packages, DigitalOcean has much stronger performance, a better uptime guarantee, superior support, and a significantly more robust security service. But keep in mind that neither DigitalOcean nor Linode is beginner-friendly.

Do spaces secret? ›

Next to Spaces access keys, click Generate New Key then add a name for your key and click the check mark. A new Key and Secret will be generated. The shorter one is the Access Key and the longer one is the Secret Key. Use these two values when adding your DigitalOcean Spaces account to SimpleBackups.

Does DigitalOcean have CDN? ›

DigitalOcean also includes a CDN with DigitalOcean Spaces, our object storage solution, and App Platform, our Platform as a Service solution.

What is S2 storage? ›

The S2 (Simple Storage) connector was designed to make integration scenarios possible which require sharing data between flows or storing values for further usage. Behind the screens it uses MongoDB. Therefore, the component automatically assumes that you have an accessible installation of MongoDB.

Do I need object storage? ›

Object Storage is Less Costly

Because object storage is designed for the mountain of data that can tolerate lesser performance than transaction data, you can build a less expensive architecture. To get extreme low latency you commonly employ caching and tiers to get the most performance for the least expense.

What is object storage good for? ›

Object storage systems allow retention of massive amounts of unstructured data in which data is written once and read once (or many times). Object storage is used for purposes such as storing objects like videos and photos on Facebook, songs on Spotify, or files in online collaboration services, such as Dropbox.

What is the difference between object storage and file storage? ›

File storage organizes and represents data as a hierarchy of files in folders; block storage chunks data into arbitrarily organized, evenly sized volumes; and object storage manages data and links it to associated metadata.

How do I download a folder from digital ocean? ›

How Do I Download Data From Digitalocean? The more you open the file, the easier it is for you to download it. Go to the More menu, select Download, and a file is emailed to you. Depending on how your browser handles downloads, the download may begin automatically or be prompted to save the file.

How do I access file manager in Digital Ocean? ›

The first way is through the web interface. To do this, simply log in to your DigitalOcean account and click on the “Files” tab. From here, you will be able to browse and access all of your WordPress files. The second way to access your WordPress files is through an FTP client.

How can I download digital ocean source code? ›

When you download a file from the Space to your local computer, open the More menu and select Download. Depending on your browser's settings, this can automatically start, or you may be asked to save the file before beginning the download.

Do spaces limits? ›

Spaces have the following file size limits: PUT requests can be at most 5 GB. Each part of a multi-part upload can be at most 5 GB.

How do I connect to digital ocean spaces? ›

How to Connect to DigitalOcean Spaces
  1. Choose Edit > Settings > Transfers > S3 Providers.
  2. In the Providers list click Add and enter DigitalOcean.
  3. In the Regions list click Add and enter:
  4. Do the same for the following regions:
  5. In Catch All enter: .digitaloceanspaces.com (note it starts with a dot)
Jan 10, 2021

Do spaces secret? ›

Next to Spaces access keys, click Generate New Key then add a name for your key and click the check mark. A new Key and Secret will be generated. The shorter one is the Access Key and the longer one is the Secret Key. Use these two values when adding your DigitalOcean Spaces account to SimpleBackups.

Do spaces limits? ›

Spaces have the following file size limits: PUT requests can be at most 5 GB. Each part of a multi-part upload can be at most 5 GB.

Does Digital Ocean have CDN? ›

DigitalOcean also includes a CDN with DigitalOcean Spaces, our object storage solution, and App Platform, our Platform as a Service solution.

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